Global Food Demand And The Sustainable Intensification Of Pnas

Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of ... - PNAS.

Oct 12, 2011 . Global demand for agricultural crops is increasing, and may continue to do so for decades, propelled by a 2.3 billion person increase in global population and greater per capita incomes anticipated through midcentury ().Both land clearing and more intensive use of existing croplands could contribute to the increased crop production needed to meet such demand, but ....

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Climate change - Wikipedia.

Contemporary climate change includes both global warming and its impacts on Earth's weather patterns. There have been previous periods of climate change, but the current changes are distinctly more rapid and not due to natural causes. Instead, they are caused by the emission of greenhouse gases, mostly carbon dioxide (CO 2) and methane.Burning fossil fuels for energy ....

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Ten facts about land systems for sustainability | PNAS.

How human societies use, manage, and interact with land is key to addressing current sustainability issues including nature conservation, climate change, food security, poverty alleviation, and energy transitions, framed in high-level political agreements from the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to the Paris Climate Agreement or the Convention on Biological Diversity..

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Biomass (ecology) - Wikipedia.

The biomass is the mass of living biological organisms in a given area or ecosystem at a given time. Biomass can refer to species biomass, which is the mass of one or more species, or to community biomass, which is the mass of all species in the community.It can include microorganisms, plants or animals. The mass can be expressed as the average mass per unit area, or as the total mass in ....

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Natural climate solutions | PNAS.

Oct 16, 2017 . Most nations recently agreed to hold global average temperature rise to well below 2 ?C. We examine how much climate mitigation nature can contribute to this goal with a comprehensive analysis of "natural climate solutions" (NCS): 20 conservation, restoration, and/or improved land management actions that increase carbon storage and/or avoid greenhouse gas ....

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Future of the human climate niche | PNAS.

First, "Global warming of 1.5 C An IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty" (World ....

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Biodiversity and Agriculture - FoodPrint.

Jan 31, 2022 . A number of innovations allowed for widespread intensification of agriculture throughout the twentieth century. Widespread adoption of steel plows, hybrid seeds, GMOs, chemical fertilizers and pesticides helped farmers produce more food per acre than ever before..

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Chapter 5: Changing Ocean, Marine Ecosystems, and Dependent ….

The ocean is a key component of the Earth system (Chapter 1) as it provides essential life supporting services (Inniss et al., 2017 1).For example, it stores heat trapped in the atmosphere caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases, it masks and slows surface warming, it stores excess carbon dioxide and is an important component of global biogeochemical cycles..

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The World's Food Supply is Made Insecure by Climate Change.

Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture. PNAS, 108(50) pp. 20260-64. UNITED NATIONS. UN Charter; Universal Declaration of Human Rights ;.

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Planetary boundaries: Guiding human development on a changing ... - Science.

This has profound implications for global sustainability, because it emphasizes the need to address multiple interacting environmental processes simultaneously (e.g., stabilizing the climate system requires sustainable forest management and stable ocean ecosystems)..

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Meat consumption, health, and the environment | Science.

Jul 20, 2018 . Meat consumption is rising annually as human populations grow and affluence increases. Godfray et al. review this trend, which has major negative consequences for land and water use and environmental change. Although meat is a concentrated source of nutrients for low-income families, it also enhances the risks of chronic ill health, such as from colorectal cancer ....

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Sustainable agriculture - Wikipedia.

Sustainable agriculture is farming in sustainable ways meeting society's present food and textile needs, without compromising the ability for current or future generations to meet their needs. It can be based on an understanding of ecosystem services.There are many methods to increase the sustainability of agriculture. When developing agriculture within sustainable food systems, it is ....

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Chapter 5 : Food Security — Special Report on Climate Change ….

This chapter assesses how the potential conflict for land could be alleviated by sustainable intensification to produce food with a lower land footprint (Cross-Chapter Box 6 in Section 5.6). ... The median cereal price increase was 7%, given current projections of demand. In all cases (across SSPs and global economic models), prices are ....

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State of the ocean report 2022: pilot edition.

Collectivite auteur : Commission oceanographique intergouvernementale Personne auteur : Enevoldsen, Henrik [editor] Personne auteur : Isensee, Kirsten [editor].

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LIU Junguo - Full-Time Faculty - SUSTech丨School of Environment.

Food losses and waste in China and their implication for water and land. Environmental Science & Technology 47(18): 10137-10144. (SCI, IF=6.653) 84. Liu J.*, Folberth C., Yang H., Rockstrom J., Abbaspour K., et al., 2013. A global and spatially explicit assessment of climate change impacts on crop production and consumptive water use..

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Environmental impact of agriculture - Wikipedia.

The environmental impact of agriculture is the effect that different farming practices have on the ecosystems around them, and how those effects can be traced back to those practices. The environmental impact of agriculture varies widely based on practices employed by farmers and by the scale of practice. Farming communities that try to reduce environmental impacts through ....

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Chapter 3 : Desertification — Special Report on Climate Change ….

Traditional agroecological practices are also increasingly unable to cope with growing demand for food. Combined use of ILK and new SLM technologies can contribute to raising the resilience to the challenges of climate change and desertification ( high confidence ). {3.1.3, 3.6.1, 3.6.2}.

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Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People.

Jan 28, 2010 . A threefold challenge now faces the world (): Match the rapidly changing demand for food from a larger and more affluent population to its supply; do so in ways that are environmentally and socially sustainable; and ensure that the world's poorest people are no longer hungry.This challenge requires changes in the way food is produced, stored, processed, ....

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Adapting agriculture to climate change | PNAS.

Dec 11, 2007 . To meet projected growth in human population and per capita food demand, historical increases in agricultural production will have to continue, eventually doubling current production (e.g., ref. 2). Agriculture is also a major economic, social, and cultural activity, and it provides a wide range of ecosystem services..

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Agriculture - Wikipedia.

Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, ....

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Water Use in Global Livestock Production—Opportunities and ….

Nov 20, 2020 . 1 Introduction. Driven by increasing global population and rising per capita food demand, global production of animal source foods (ASF) has more than tripled over the last 50 years, accompanied by a threefold increase of crops used for animal feed (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations [FAO], 2018).One third of all cropland is now being used to ....

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Habitat destruction - Wikipedia.

The impending global food crisis will be a major source of habitat destruction. Commercial farmers are going to become desperate to produce more food from the same amount of land, so they will use more fertilizers and show less concern for the environment to meet the market demand. Others will seek out new land or will convert other land-uses ....

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The 11 sins of seafood: Assessing a decade of food fraud reports in ….

Jul 08, 2022 . 1 INTRODUCTION. Seafood, one of the world's most traded commodities, has complex and valuable supply chains, with an extensive network of actors, a vast array of products and numerous processes that support this food system, including fish feed suppliers, marine fishers and aquaculture farming, processors, wholesalers, middlemen and distributors, retailers, and ....

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Soil - Wikipedia.

Processes. Soil is a major component of the Earth's ecosystem.The world's ecosystems are impacted in far-reaching ways by the processes carried out in the soil, with effects ranging from ozone depletion and global warming to rainforest destruction and water pollution.With respect to Earth's carbon cycle, soil acts as an important carbon reservoir, and it is potentially one of the ....

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Chapter 2 — Global Warming of 1.5 ºC - Intergovernmental Panel ….

In particular, demand-side and efficiency measures, and lifestyle choices that limit energy, resource, and GHG-intensive food demand support sustainable development (medium confidence). Limiting warming to 1.5?C can be achieved synergistically with poverty alleviation and improved energy security and can provide large public health benefits ....

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Ecological resilience - Wikipedia.

Agriculture can be seen as a significant example which the resilience of terrestrial ecosystems should be considered. The organic matter (elements carbon and nitrogen) in soil, which is supposed to be recharged by multiple plants, is the main source of nutrients for crop growth. At the same time, intensive agriculture practices in response to global food demand and shortages involves ....

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Cell-Based Fish: A Novel Approach to Seafood Production and an ....

Cellular agriculture is defined as the production of agricultural products from cell cultures rather than from whole plants or animals. With growing interest in cellular agriculture as a means to address public health, environmental, and animal welfare challenges of animal agriculture, the concept of producing seafood from fish cell- and tissue-cultures is emerging as an approach to ....

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Metal contamination and bioremediation of agricultural soils for food ….

Jun 23, 2020 . Agricultural soil is a non-renewable natural resource that requires careful stewardship in order to achieve the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals. ....

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Building back better: A sustainable, resilient recovery after ... - OECD.

Jun 05, 2020 . For the economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisis to be durable and resilient, a return to 'business as usual' and environmentally destructive investment patterns and activities must be avoided. Unchecked, global environmental emergencies such as climate change and biodiversity loss could cause social and economic damages far larger than those caused by ....

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Chapter 4 : Land Degradation — Special Report on Climate ….

Land degradation affects people and ecosystems throughout the planet and is both affected by climate change and contributes to it. In this report, land degradation is defined as a negative trend in land condition, caused by direct or indirect human-induced processes including anthropogenic climate change, expressed as long-term reduction or loss of at least one of the following: ....

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The effect of methanol production and application in internal ....

Jul 15, 2022 . 1. Introduction. Global warming is an indisputable fact, which is closely related to human production and living activities. The current decisions and choices made by humans will affect the trend of climate change .In the past 100 years, humans have consumed more fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal, and burning these fossil fuels will produce a lot of pollutants and CO ....

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Optimizing the spatial pattern of land use in a prominent grain ....

It achieves sustainable utilization through spatial adjustment and redistribution of land system elements (Juan et al., 2019). According to the World Urbanization Prospects report, more than half of the global cities have unhealthy SPLD (Murad et al., 2021; Reynolds et al., 2007). Therefore, there is an urgent need for a technological mechanism ....

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Глобальное потепление — Википедия.

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